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Friday, August 28, 2009


Guinea pigs


Guinea pigs have kept as pets for hundreds of years, in Britain alone there are reports of guinea pigs having kept back since the mid 1500's. Many as an “easy” pet view a descendant of the wild guinea pigs of South America, today’s domesticated guinea pig for children.

Many parents select a guinea pig as a first pet for their child, believing a small pet needs only a small quantity of care. It is important to appreciate that these little people have many requirements, together with a roomy cage, specialized diet, daily cleanup, and gentle handling, and that an adult should be the primary caretaker.

Caring for guinea pigs is much easier than caring for some larger pets. Guinea pigs do not need shots or room to run around. They do need more than just a bowl of foodstuff and a cage to live in. Here are some of the greater points of guinea pig care to believe. They are isolated tract dwelling and hardy, quiet, and mild animals that kids can smoothly handle.

The development period is 63 days and the pigs are very superior when they are born. When they are first born, do not handle them too a large amount as this will distress mum and could hold up with their bonding. Guinea pigs are normally healthy and vigorous animals but like all animals there are a long list of ailments and suffering from which they can go through.


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Wednesday, August 26, 2009


First Gene-encoded Amphibian Toxin Isolated


The first protein based toxin in an amphibian skin has found by China, a 60 amino acid neurotoxin bring into being in the skin of a Chinese tree frog. The result may help get rid of more light into both the progress of amphibians and the growth of poison. While gene-encoded protein toxins have well known in many vertebrate animals, including fish, reptiles and mammals, none has yet originated in amphibians or birds.

The poisonous amphibians, like the steamy poison dart frogs, their toxins are frequently small chemicals like alkaloids that extracted from insects and secreted onto the animal's skin. They purify and characterize this new toxin, which they called anntoxin.

In protein string and makeup, anntoxin was very similar to dendrotoxins and cone snail toxins, though anntoxin only has two-disulfide Bridge compared to three in the other types. The slight difference may version for why anntoxin does not wedge potassium channel as the other venom do, but rather sodium channel important for signal in sensory mental strain.

Like these other venoms, though, anntoxin is fast acting and strong, the researchers found it could create rapid convulsion, paralysis and respiratory sorrow in several would-be predators like snakes and birds.

The similarity and difference make anntoxin a very valuable protein for further study, bearing in mind amphibians' special niche as the animals bridging the evolutionary land-water gap.


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Friday, August 21, 2009


Coconut crab


The largest earthly arthropod in the world is coconut crab. They are well known for their strong pincers which are able an adequate amount of to break down a coconut. These crabs are relates as robber crabs for the reason that of rumor going in the region of that they steal glittery items such as silverware and pots from houses and other places. This large edible land crab related to recluse crab.

Coconut crabs mainly originate in pacific and Indian oceans. There are termed as coconut crab for the reason that they eat coconut for their endurance. The entire weight of each coconut crab is approximately 40 pounds and they are supplementary than 3 feet from head to tail, they are strong an adequate amount of that they can crack a coconut with their pincers.

The crab climbs the coconut tree with simplicity by means of its long and pointed second or third pair of walking legs. Crabs do fall from good height while climbing but do not experience severe injury since of the hard outer shell casing. They are slow moving, generally nighttime and stay hidden during the day to emerge at night in look for of food.

In some markets, they are selling as pets, it is hard to believe that creature like this selling as pets and people have kept them in their houses as pets. They are not only well known for their manifestation and looks but they are chiefly renowned for their potency and the ability to break a hard coconut with their strong tongs. You can just imagine their force, if they can break a coconut with their tongs, how large amount harm they can do to a human being.


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Wednesday, August 19, 2009


Desert warthog


The warthog is a large species of pig found in the desert and shrub-lands of Africa. There are two species of warthog, which are the general warthog and the desert warthog. The widespread warthog tends to found in the more northern regions of Africa and the desert warthog found in the south of Africa, and sometimes referred to as the Cape warthog.

The warthog is name behind the two sets of tusks found on the face of the warthog. Warthogs use their tusks both for fighting off unnecessary predators and other challenging male warthogs.

Warthogs live jointly with other warthogs in small family groups known as sounders. These warthog groups in general have a few female warthog members and will have one male warthog member who is responsible for caring the sounder and mating with the female warthogs.

Warthogs be likely to be originating in areas where present good supply of water, so that able to swallow and enjoy the cool, muddy water.

Warthogs have a diet that consists mostly of grass, fruit, berries, roots and insects but infrequently eat small mammals, birds and reptiles.

The warthog have lot of predators in the African wild including lions, cheetahs and crocodiles although the human is one of the main predators of the warthog.

The warthog has poor eyesight even though warthogs have a good sense of smell Warthogs are also good at running and jumping.


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Monday, August 17, 2009




For the duration of the months of April, May and June, numerous people will acquire hummingbird feeders and nectar to put up in the garden in order to gaze at hummingbirds feed. Nearly every one of us will not be on familiar terms with which type of the little birds are approaching to the feeders. These miniature birds are rapid and can move toward and go like a second.

At the same time as there are in relation to 320types of hummingbirds on earth and only about 18 are in the US. In Idaho only six or seven kind that move toward to the feeders. Some are hard to completely categorize.

In Idaho there are various kind of hummingbirds are Anna’s, Broad-billed, Broad-tailed, Calliope, Rufus and the Black Chinned. The hummingbirds most common for the Treasure Valley are the Calliope, Rufus and the Black Chinned. It is interesting to note that the first long-established finding of the dark red. Every now and then it is hard to as it should be recognize faithfully which hummingbird is approaching to your garden.

Having blossom planted attract hummingbirds to your back garden will help increase the numeral of bird to watch. Plants like salvia and pen stamens are a natural history lure for these birds. Having an excellent bird book will to the highest degree help in identifying the different class of hummingbirds those regular feeders.


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Tuesday, August 11, 2009


Turtle Hurtles Towards death


A kind of swam seas 96m years earlier than humans walked earth possibly will be wiped out within 10 years. It weighs a tone and it has outlived the dinosaur by 65m years. But the leatherback marine turtle one of the largest, oldest and widest-ranging marine animals ever to sail the oceans could be caption for death.

Leatherbacks have turn out to be the world's most scarce sea turtle. The creatures, which can measure up to 2.7 meters long and 1.8 meters wide, are trapped by gill nets and long lines at sea, their eggs are raid on ground and their nesting habitation is being smashed.

They survive over 100m years, throughout climate modify and asteroid impacts, but they could become died out in 10 to 20 years unless enough international assistance is mounting to reverse this striking cry off. In the rainforests, in mangrove swamps and coral reefs, wild effects are in danger on such a scale those zoologists now refer to the present era as a period of mass death.

Less clearly, ocean-going creatures are also becoming extinct. Oceans are gigantic and deep, and scientists can only supposition at variety.

Turtles, on the other hand, come to ground to lay eggs, by means of the same nesting sites again and again. Researchers can easily count them as they go out, and as they come to hold up. Leatherback statistics have declined by 90 percent in the times of yore 22 years to about 900 in Indonesia, 45 in Mexico, 55 in Costa Rica and two in Malaysia. Global cooperation had managed to turn around the cry off of another sea turtle called Kemp's ridleys. These were condensed to 300 nesting females in the 80s.

After that their nesting beaches in Mexico were sheltered and trawlers were built-in with turtle excluder procedure, metal grids that allowed the turtles to slip away in its place of living being trapped.

Conservationists are looking at ways to prevent turtles being snared on the long lines set for swordfish. They are tiresome to work out wherever the turtles go, and while, so fishermen can avoid the most susceptible grounds.

Sea turtles get trapped on swordfish lines 10 times more frequently than on hooks baited for tuna. Leatherbacks comprise on earth 25 times longer than human but we are the cause of the take a rain check. We comprise here about 4m years; they have been here 100m. Measured in evolutionary conditions, leatherbacks are one of the most winning organisms in the sea, but except things modify they are not likely to be here much longer.

They will fade away if things don't change. The only divergence is accurately how long it will take.


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Friday, August 7, 2009


Danger for south Asian Crab species


A new study has indicate to smooth the progress of two thirds of all kind of freshwater crab maybe at danger of going extinct, with one in six species mainly susceptible.

The study, which is the first global measurement of the extermination risk for any group of freshwater invertebrates, makes freshwater crabs among the most in danger of all groups of animals assessed so far.

Crab species in Southeast Asia are the mainly at threat, from habitat devastation, pollution and drainage.

The Zoological Society of London and Northern Michigan University Scientists led the survey, which created the first World Conservation Union Red List measurement of the 1280 known species of freshwater crab.The survey set up that 227 species should be measured as near vulnerable and critically endangered.

For another 628 species, not adequate data exists. Freshwater crabs are important to many freshwater ecosystems. Some feed on fallen foliage and algae, while other species help cycle nutrients by eating vast quantity of backlog.

The crabs themselves are a significant resource of food for a range of birds such as herons and kingfishers, reptiles such as keep an eye on lizards and crocodiles and amphibians such as frogs and toads.

Because most species require perfect water to survive, they are also brilliant indicator of good water quality.No species are yet well-known to have gone extinct, but some species such as the worldly crab Thaipotamon siamese and the waterfall crab Demanietta manii from Thailand have not been seen alive for over a century, and their innovative habitats have since been built over by urban developments.


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Monday, August 3, 2009


Killer Whales


Killer whales belong to the dolphin family and it is known as blackfish. Killer whales are one of the largest and oldest species in dolphin family. It consists of almost thirty-five species. Killer whales are found in the oceans across the globe, including the Polar Regions. The killer whales are classified into five groups as per their distribution, physical characteristics, and the type of food they eat. One of the best locations for killer whale watching is off Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada.


Killer Whales are easily predictable due to their remarkable black and white bloom, and a glossy, modernized body shape.

The dorsal fin acts as a keel and almost certainly helps to become stable a killer whale. The dorsal fins of male killer whales are the tallest of any cetacean in the world, growing up to 1.8 m. female are smaller at about 0.9 to 1.2 m.

Male killer whales begin growing at 12 to 14 years of age and over the next few years, grow very rapidly and reach substantial maturity at about 20 years. Most males probably reach a length of 8 to 9 m. Females average about 7 m in length and reach reproductive maturity at about 14 to 15 years.

Types of Killer Whales

Formerly, three types were familiar during the 1970s, but afterward three more from the glacial were added to the list. According to the previous sorting, killer whales are of three types - resident, transient and offshore.

Resident killer whales are the most normally seen in the midst of the three types in the northeast Pacific. They are seen in groups.

Transient killer whales are frequently seen in small groups and are more attached to each other.

Offshore killer whales and are set up in open waters. They move around in large groups, comprising of almost 60 members.

What do Killer Whales Eat?

1. Lively killer whales are lacking any hesitation top predators in the ocean and they are the major predator of warm-blooded animals ever known.

2. Fishes, squids, seals, sea lions, walruses, birds, sea turtles, otters, penguins, cetaceans polar bears, reptiles, they have all been found in the stomach contents of killer whales.

3. The diets of killer whales be different from one region to another.

a. The Antarctic, killer whales have about 67% fishes, 27% marine mammals, and 6% squids.

b. The Bering Sea near Alaska, they consume about 65% fishes, 20% squids, and 15% marine mammals.

c. Adult killer whales eat in the order of 3% to 4% of their body weight in food per day.

Types of Prey

The research is enduring on the topic of the feeding ecosystem of killer whales, they are known as the 'wolves of the sea' for their hunting habits. A typical killer whale needs approximately 230 kilograms of food every day. Their food includes fish, aquatic mammals and birds. Around 30 species of fish are tremendous by the killer whales who feed on fish. This includes salmon, herring, tuna, whale sharks, basking sharks, etc. There are instance of the killer whales feed on great white sharks, and octopuses. They also eat squids, sea turtles, and some reptiles.

They also give food to on marine mammals like sea lions, seals, fur seals, walruses and sea otters. They are also found do violence to worldly mammals swimming between islands. While there are cases of confined killer whales violent humans, there are no such reported cases concerning the wild ones.


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